How do people learn another language?

ACTFL (American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Langauge) Language proficiency levels (ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines)

Unlike other Colorado Academic Content Standards areas, the world languages standard is benchmarked by proficiency levels, rather than grade levels. (ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines)

These are the proficiency level ranges that are targeted in a K-12 Dual Language Immersion Program
  • Novice Low - identify with lists, produce isolated words, repeat memorized items
  • Novice Mid - identify with phrases, combine words, express ideas with simple phrases and expressions
  • Novice High - describe with phrases, identify with short sentences in present time frame
  • Intermediate Low - describe with sentences, use strings of sentences, express own thoughts in single time frame
  • Intermediate Mid - describe with strings of sentences, combine time frames, create with language
  • Intermediate High - write paragraph-length texts, combine of time frames, use limited idiomatic expressions
  • Advanced Low - describe and narrate in paragraph and longer-length texts, combine time frames

Learning how students are reaching these proficiency levels by review the NCSSFL-ACTFL "Can-do" learner target statements.

Instead of using the term "fluency" language learning growth is determined by measuring proficiency levels (what the learner can do with the language) as mentioned above. Each level in our TSD Dual Language Immersion program will have a set of language proficiency targets as we measure activities and assessments in the "three modes of communication" from the Colorado World Language Standards, using the fours skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing.

The three modes of communication from the Colorado World Language Standards

1. Communication: Communication in Languages Other Than English
1.1 Interpersonal mode:
Engage in conversations, provide and obtain information, express feelings and emotions, and exchange opinions
1.2 Interpretive mode:
Understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics
1.3 Presentational mode:
Present information, concepts, and ideas to an audience of listeners or readers on a variety of topics.

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Second language acquisition

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